After successfully defending His ministry three times, Jesus now turns to the crowds and His disciples to teach them. It must be understood that the religious leaders have not suddenly disappeared. They are there to hear these scathing judgments from Jesus. However, Jesus doesn’t refer to them personally. He is shepherding His people. The scribes and pharisees do not belong among that number as Jesus points out in seven distinct woes, or judgments, against them. The main theme in the first 13 verses is what Jesus identifies as the disease and its cure. The disease is pride. The cure is humility.